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CALLISTO : She was daughter of Lycaon , king of Arcedia. She was also called daughter of Nycteus or Ceteus and sometimes she was described as a nympth, She was a huntress and a companion of Artemis. As a companion of Artemis she would have taken a vow of chastity. She was one of many human women who were seduced or raped by Zeus.Her name ,Callisto meant most beautiful .The Arcadians showed the tomb of Callisto thirty stadia from the Well Cruni, it was on a hill planted with trees.A statue of Callisto was dedicated at Delphi by the citizens of Tegea and she was painted by Polygnotus wearing the skin of a bear instead of a dress.
ARCAS : He is the son of god Zeus and Callisto, goddess of Great Bear. his mother was raped by Zeus and Arcas came the world.Hera became jeaolus and transformed Callisto into a bear.She would the sama or worse to Arcas had Zeus not hid in area of Greece that would come to be called Arcadia in his honour.During one of court feasts, Arcas was held by king Lycaon to be cut into pieces as a sacrifice to gods, so Arcas said to Zeus to rescue him if he was so clever.Zeus became enraged and made Arcas whole and directed his anger toword Lycaon turning him into the first werewolf.After this occurence, Arcas became the new king of Arcadia and the greatest hunter of the country.
URSA MAJOR : It is a constellation which is visible throughout the year in the northern hemisphere. Its name means " Great Bear " and it is associated with the legend of Callisto.It was believed that Ursa Major was Callisto.According to the legend Callisto was put in the sky as a constellation by Zeus. One of the few star groups mentioned in the Bible(Orion and Pleiades being others) Ursa Major waas also pictured as a bear by both Hebrews and most American peoples.
URSA MÄ°NOR : It is a constellation which is collequially known as the Little Dipper because its seven brightest stars seem to form a handle and dipper shape. The star at the end of the dipper handle is Polaris, the North Star. Ursa Minor is associated with the legend of Callisto. In Greek Mythology, it is believed that Arcas ,the son of Callisto was put in the sky as Ursa Minor by Zeus.In even earlier times,Ursa Minor was considered to be seven stars which were myhthologically regarded as sisters. It was also considered to be the Hesperides, daughters of Atlas.
THE STORY OF ZEUS AND CALLISTO
Among the charming followers of Artemis,there was a beautiful fairy called Callisto.While Callisto spent her days and nigths with Artemis' other followers,Zeus.knowing that the maiden had taken a vow of chastity, Zeus disguised himselfas Artemis in order to lure her into his embrace and rape her.Callisto became pregnant and tried desperately to conceal her condition from the goddess,Artemis, but her condition was discovered nine months later while bathing with Diana and her fellow nymps.Upon this rtemis was enraged and expelled Callisto from the group.Hera, Zeus'wife wanted to take her revenge, so she transformed Callisto into a bear.At Zeus' direction Hermes saved Arcas, the son of Callisto from her womb and took him to be raised by Maia.Years passed and little Arcas had grown into a young man.While he was hunting in the woods, he came across a bear, Callisto and terrified at the frightening sight of it.The bear recognized that the young hunter was her own son and forgetting her present form, Callisto tried to come near him.However Arcas aimed his spear at the slowly approaching bear.Just at that moment Zeus averted tragedy by placing the mother and son among the stars as the constellations, Ursa Major and Ursa Minor respectively.Being not pleased with this arragement, Hera persuaded Tethys and Oceanus not allow Callisto to enter their realm, Ocean for a refreshing bath or a cool drink.Here the peoples of ancient Greece explained why the two constellations are visible all year round.

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